Learn about Life in the 1920s

Contents - List of Subject Matter

Absentees discharged,
Accidents, safeguarding against; causes of
Advancement, personal
Advertisement, first, of Ford Motor Co.
Agriculture, a primary function
Ainsley, Charles
Alexander, Henry, drives Ford car to top of Ben Nevis, 4,600 feet, in 1911
Antecedents, a man's, of no interest in hiring at Ford factory
Assembly of a Ford car; first experiment in a moving assembly line, April 1, 1913; results of the experiment
Automobile, public's first attitude toward
Automobile business, bad methods of; in its beginnings

Bankers play too great a part in business; in railroads
Bedridden men at work,
Benz car on exhibition at Macy's in 1885,
Birds, Mr. Ford's fondness for
Blind men can work,
Bonuses--See "Profit-Sharing"
Borrowing money; what it would have meant to Ford Motor Co. in 1920
British Board of Agriculture,
British Cabinet and Fordson tractors,
Burroughs, John
Business, monopoly and profiteering bad for; function of
Buying for immediate needs only,

Cadillac Company,
Capitalist newspapers,
Cash balance, large
Charity, professional
City life,
"Classes" mostly fictional,
Classification of work at Ford plants,
Cleanliness of factory,
Coal used in Ford plants from Ford mines,
Coke ovens at River Rouge plant,
Collier, Colonel D. C.
Consumption varies according to price and quality,
Convict labour,
Cooper, Tom
Cooperative farming,
Cork, Ireland, Fordson tractor plant
Corn, potential uses of
Costs of production, records of; prices force down; high wages contribute to low
Country, living in
Courtney, F. S.
Creative work,
Creed, industrial, Mr. Ford's
Cripples can work,
Cross, John E.

Dalby, Prof. W. E.,
Deaf and dumb men at work,
Dearborn Independent,
Dearborn plant,
Detroit Automobile Co.,
Detroit General Hospital, now Ford Hospital,
Detroit, Toledo and Ironton Railway, purchased by Ford Motor Co., in March, 1921,
Development, opportunity for, in U. S.,
Diamond Manufacturing Co. fire,
Discipline at Ford plants,
"Dividends, abolish, rather than lower wages,"
Dividends, small, Ford policy of,
Dollar, the fluctuating,

Eagle Boats,
Edison, Thomas A.,
Educated man, an; definition of,
Education, Mr. Ford's ideas on,
Educational Department,
Electricity generated at Ford plants,
"Employees, all, are really partners,"
Employment Department,
Equal, all men are not,
Experience, lack of, no bar to employment,
Experiments, no record of, kept at Ford factories,
"Experts," no, at Ford plants,

Factory, Ford, growth of,
Factory organization, function of,
Failure, habit of,
Farming, lack of knowledge in, no conflict between, and industry,
  future development in,
Farming with tractors,
Federal Reserve System,
Fighting, a cause for immediate discharge, Finance,
Financial crisis in 1921, how Ford Motor Co. met,
Financial system at present inadequate,
Firestone, Harvey S.,
Flat Rock plant,
Floor space for workers,
Foodstuffs, potential uses of,
Ford car--

the first, No. 5,000,000,
the second, introduction of,
in England in 1903,
about 5,000 parts in,
sales and production--See "Sales"
Ford, Henry--
Born at Dearborn, Mich., July 30, 1863,
mechanically inclined,
leaves school at seventeen, becomes apprentice at Drydock Engine
watch repairer,
works with local representative of Westinghouse Co. as expert in
setting up and repairing road engines,
builds a steam tractor in his workshop,
reads of the "silent gas engine" in the World of Science,
in 1887 builds one on the Otto four-cycle model,
father gives him forty acres of timber land,
in 1890 begins work on double-cylinder engine,
leaves farm and works as engineer and machinist with the Detroit
  Electric Co.,
rents house in Detroit and sets up workshop in back yard,
in 1892 completes first motor car,
first road test in 1893,
builds second motor car,
quits job with Electric Co. August 15, 1899, and goes into
  automobile business,
organization of Detroit Automobile Co.,
resigns from, in 1902,
rents shop to continue experiments at 81 Park Place, Detroit,
beats Alexander Winton in race,
early reflections on business,
in 1903 builds, with Tom Cooper, two cars, the "999" and the
  "Arrow" for speed,
forms the Ford Motor Co.,
buys controlling share in 1906,
builds "Model A,"
builds "Model B" and "Model C,"
makes a record in race over ice in the "Arrow,"
builds first real manufacturing plant, in May, 1908,
assembles 311 cars in six workings days,
in June, 1908, assembles one hundred cars in one day,
in 1909, decides to manufacture only "Model T," painted black,
buys sixty acres of land for plant at Highland Park, outside of
how he met the financial crises of 1921,
buys Detroit, Toledo & Ironton Ry., March, 1921,
"Ford doesn't use the Ford,"
Ford, Edsel,
Ford Hospital,
Ford Motor Co., organized 1903,
  Henry Ford buys controlling share in 1906,
  how it met financial crisis in 1921,
  thirty-five branches of, in U. S.
"Ford, you can dissect it, but you cannot kill it,"
Fordson tractor,
  genesis and development of,
  cost of farming with,
  5,000 sent to England in 1917-18,
Foreign trade,

Gas from coke ovens at River Rouge plant utilized,
"Gold is not wealth,"
"Good feeling" in working not essential, though desirable,
Government, the function of,
Greaves, R. N.,
Greed vs. service,
Greenhall, Gilbert,
Grosse Point track,

"Habit conduces to a certain inertia,"
Highland Park plant,
Hobbs, Robert W.,
Hospital, Ford,
Hough, Judge, renders decision against Ford Motor Co. in Selden   Patent suit,
Hours of labour per day reduced from nine to eight in January, 1914,
"Human, a great business is too big to be,"
Human element in business,

Ideas, old and new,
Improvements in products,
Interstate Commerce Commission,
Inventory, cutting down, by improved freight service,
Investment, interest on, not properly chargeable to operating expenses,

Jacobs, Edmund,
"Jail, men in, ought to be able to support their families,"
Jewish question, studies in the,
Jobs, menial,
"John R. Street,"

  the economic fundamental, and Capital, potential uses of,
Labour leaders,
Labour newspapers,
Labour turnover,
"Lawyers, like bankers, know absolutely nothing about business,"
Legislation, the function of,
Licensed Association,
"Life is not a location, but a journey,"
Light for working,
Loss, taking a; in times of business depression,

Manchester, Eng.,
  Ford plant at,
  strike at,
Machinery, its place in life,
Manufacture, a primary function,
Medical Department,
Milner, Lord,
  changing, not a Ford policy,

  present system of,
  what it is worth,
  invested in a business not chargeable to it,
  fluctuating value of,
  is not wealth,
Monopoly, bad for business,
Monotonous work,
Motion, waste, eliminating,

Northville, Mich., plant, combination farm and factory,

Oldfteld, Barney,
Opportunity for young men of today,
Organization, excess, and red tape,
Overman, Henry,
Otto engine,
Overhead charge per car, cut from $146 to $93,

Parts, about 5,000, in a Ford car,
Paternalism has no place in industry,
"Peace Ship"
Physical incapacity not necessarily a hindrance to working,
Piquette plant,
Price policy, Mr. Ford's,
Producer depends upon service,
  principles of Ford plant,
  plan of, worked out carefully,
  (For production of Ford cars, see "Sales" and table of production on p. 145)
Professional charity,
Profiteering, bad for business,
Property, the right of,
Profit, small per article, large aggregate,
Profits belong to planner, producer, and purchaser,
"Prices, If, of goods are above the incomes of the people, then get the prices down to the incomes,"
"Prices, unduly high, always a sign of unsound business,"
Prices of Ford touring cars since 1909,
Prison laws,
"Prisoners ought to be able to support their families,"

  active managers have ceased to manage,
  suffering from bankers and lawyers,
  folly of long hauls,
Red tape,
Repetitive labour,
"Rich, It is no longer a distinction to be,"
Right of property,
River Rouge plant,
Routine work,
Royal Agricultural Society,
Rumours in 1920 that Ford Motor Co. was in a bad financial condition,
Russia, under Sovietism,

Safeguarding machines,
"Sales depend upon wages,"
Sales of Ford cars
  in 1903-4, 1,708 cars,
  in 1904-5, 1,695 cars,
  in 1905-6, 1,599 cars,
  in 1906-7, 8,423 cars,
  in 1907-8, 6,398 cars,
  in 1908-9, 10,607 cars,
  in 1909-10, 18,664 cars,
  in 1910-11, 84,528 cars,
  see also table of production since 1909,
Saturation, point of,
Saving habit,
  Henry Ford Trade School,
Scottish Reliability Trials, test of Ford car in
Scrap, utilization of,
Seasonal unemployment,
Selden, George B.,
Selden Patent,
  famous suit against Ford Motor Co., in 1909,
  principles of,
  "the foundation of real business,"
  "comes before profit,"
Simplicity, philosophy of,
Social Department,
Sorensen, Charles E.,
Standard Oil Co.,
Statistics abolished in 1920,
Steel, vanadium,
Strelow's carpenter shop,
Strike, the right to,
  why, fail,
Suggestions from employees,
Surgeons' fees,
Sweepings, saving, nets $6,000 a year,

Titles, no, to jobs at Ford factory,
Tractor--See "Fordson"
Trade, foreign,
Trade schools,
  Henry Ford Trade School
Training, little, required for jobs at Ford plants,
Transportation, a primary function,
Turnover of goods,

Union labour,
Universal car, essential attributes of,

Vanadium steel,
Ventilation of factory,

  minimum of $6 a day at all Ford plants,
  are partnership distributions,
  fallacy of regulating, on basis of cost of, living,
  sales depend upon,
  minimum of $5 a day introduced in January, 1914,
  danger in rapidly raising,
  cutting, a slovenly way to meet business depression,
  high, contribute to low cost,
  abolish dividends rather than lower,
  opposition to,
  Ford industries in the,
  vs. service,
Weeks-McLean Bird Bill,
Weight, excess, in an automobile,
Welfare work--See "Social Department," "Medical Department,"
  and "Educational Department."
Winton, Alexander,
Women, married, whose husbands have jobs, not employed at Ford plants,
  its place in life,
  the right to

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